Dec 11, 2008

EAP-TTLS(Extensible Authentication Protocol-Tunneled Transport Layer Security)

EAP-Tunneled Transport Layer Security, or EAP-TTLS is an EAP protocol that extends TLS. It was co-developed by Funk Software and Certicom. It is widely supported across platforms, although there is no native OS support for this EAP protocol in Microsoft Windows, it requires the installation of small extra programs such as SecureW2.

EAP-TTLS offers very good security. The client does not need be authenticated via a CA-signed PKI certificate to the server, but only the server to the client. This greatly simplifies the setup procedure as a certificate does not need to be installed on every client.

After the server is securely authenticated to the client via its CA certificate, the server can then use the established secure connection ("tunnel") to authenticate the client. It can use an existing and widely deployed authentication protocol and infrastructure, incorporating legacy password mechanisms and authentication databases, while the secure tunnel provides protection from eavesdropping and man-in-the-middle attack. Note that the user's name is never transmitted in unencrypted cleartext, thus improving privacy.

EAP TTLS is described in RFC 5281.
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