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Configuration Register instructions

The Configuration Register is a 16 bit field that is converted into a hexadecimal value for convenience.  As you know each hexadecimal character represents 4 bits.  Hexadecimal numbers go from 0 to F and represent decimal numbers from 0 to 15.  Hexadecimal numbers generally are preceded by a 0x to clue us in on the fact that we are looking at a hexadecimal number.  By default a Cisco router has a Configuration Register setting of 0×0101 so the actual 16 bits would look like 0000000100000001 so now you see that finally there is a use for the hexadecimal numbering system!  The bits in the Configuration Register are numbered 0 to 15 and you start from the far right:1514131211109876543210 So for every 4 bits we translate that into hex, observe the following typical Configuration Register:21020010000100000010 Each bit position serves a function with the exception of bits 4, 5 and 9 which were used in the early days when Cisco routers used a gas engine, but are not currently used.  Here is wh…

遠傳籲正視不合理網際網路互連費用

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更新日期:2009/04/09 18:51
(中央社記者葉代芝台北9日電)台固與中華電信互連費引發爭議,遠傳電信今天也呼籲,為維護台灣網路用戶利益及網路上下游產業健全發展,社會應正視電信業者長期遭收取不合理的網際網路互連費用。台灣大哥大子公司台灣固網與遠傳電信子公司速博2家ISP(網際網路服務業者)今天罕見地召開聯合記者會。遠東集團電信事業群家用服務事業處副總經理鄭智衡質疑,中華電信長期持有固網市場資源,並一再濫用其市場地位,在網際網路巿場遲遲未及充分競爭下,消費者權益誰來維護?鄭智衡指出,3家民營固網業者,無論再怎麼努力,也無法對抗巿場獨大!目前所有民營固網業者的網際網路市佔率仍不到25%,而中華電信卻要求單一業者的IP Address(網路位置)數量須達1/3以上才能對等互連,這是同業互連費用談判的 6大條件中,民營固網業者唯一無法做到的。鄭智衡質疑,在資源傾斜的情形下,民營業者的IPAddress要到何年何月才能達到1/3以上的市佔率?何時才能對等談話,共同提昇產業發展?另外,鄭智衡指出,ADSL電路是全民共同擁有的資產,理當由全民共享,電路費用不應該由特定的業者制價,應透過共同自由市場機制,以消費者需求為依歸來制訂合理的電路服務費用。鄭智衡指出,民營固網業者的成本不斷攀高,讓民營固網業者命在旦夕,基於爭取網路頻寬以及支付合理費用,以及為台灣電信產業健全發展的立場,速博 (遠東集團電信事業群)以同理心表達期望政府相關單位正視此次事件,並能有一個公平共同協商的機會。